When I see this old textbook image which shows the death pumping water, this is perfect image to perceptual importance of the safe water. This image is an historical painting from the year 1854 during which there was cholera outbreak in London. This painting was produced after British Scientist George Snow, who proved it was contaminated bore-well water which was spreading cholera.
With medical advances and measures of WHO this image may seem irrelevan for his era, but records don’t support. In 2017 cholera outbreaks are noticed in Gujrat, Koppal of Karnataka, Nasik of Maharastra, Kadua and Ganjam of Odisha and Ludhiana of Punjab.
With a heavily populated country like India outbreaks from water borne diseases are still prevailing high.
Disease outbreaks show countrymen are still devoid of safe drinking water.
Water Borne diseases
Water is an essential factor for life, Natural water sources are rich in organic carbon, Nitrogen and proteins and other nutrients. These nutrients attract microorganisms to grow in water. Pond water consists of at-least multiplies 10000000 of bacteria.
There are many bacteria and other microbes that grow in water are pathogens which cause diseases. These diseases are called as water borne diseases.
Here is a list of water borne diseases and their causative agents
1.Dysentry- is caused by bacteria called as Shigella or Proozoan called as Entameoba Histolytica. Vomiting, bloody diarrohea, fever are the symptoms of this disease. If the causative agent is bacteria it is Bacillary dysentery and amoebic dysentery is the name for dysentery caused by Entameoba Histolytica .
2. Typhoid-is caused by Salmonella typhii and Salmonella paratyphii bacteria’s . Symptoms include weakness, muscle spasms, high fever, headache.
3. Polio- is caused by Polio virus. This disease eradicated completed from India and Thanks to Sabin and Salk Polio vaccines.
4.Jaundice - is caused by Hepatitis-A virus. It causes inflammation in Liver causing bilirubin content to increase. Symptoms include yellow coloration of eye, nails and urine darkening. Jaundice may damage brain if left un-treated.
5. Cholera-is caused by Vibrio cholerae bacteria. Symptoms include dehydration, electrolyte imbalance, Diarrohea, muscle cramps, sunken eyes and skin coloration turns blue in severe cases.
7. Giardiasis-is a protozoan disease caused by Giardia lamblia protozoa. It causes Diarrohea and enteritis (inflammation in gastrointestinal tract).
8. Crytospridiosis- Causative agent is a protozoa called as Cryptosporidium parvum. Severe diarrheal symptoms and dangerous if the immunity is weak. This organism can evade chlorination and ozonization.
9. Campylobacteriosis-is caused by Campylobacter jejuni bacteria. It causes severe dysentery like symptoms with high fever. It spread from bacteria contaminated with feces.
10. Legionellosis- Legionella bacteria is the causative agent and symptoms include cold, chills fever without Pneumonia.
Lesser Known disease
SARS- Though it is well known that this dangerous disease is spread by air and person to person contact. There are several cases registered which are probably spread by water. SARS is caused by SARS corona Virus. Symptoms are flu like with, fever, muscle pain, fatigue, sore throat, and cough.
Gastric Ulcers-are caused by bacteria known as Helicobacter pylori. It is mainly spread by food and water. It leads to stomach cancers if untreated. Symptoms are abdominal pain, feeling of tight abdomen due to inflammation, excess saliva production in mouth, nausea, vomiting, loss of appetite and weight, bleeding while vomiting.
What Can You Do To Save You from water borne disease
Purification of water
This process is also known as water treatment. It involves various steps including micro filtration, ozonization, UVB treatment and reverse osmosis. Various micro filters used eliminate bacteria’s, protozoans and Fungi as they are trapped under the filters.
Purified water eliminates the spread of all the diseases listed above and makes the water safe for drinking and being healthy.
- Proper treatment of domestic municipal water to avoid outbreaks
- Keep the water containers clean to avoid dust and any other particle enter Water
- Use water boiled for at-least 5 minutes
- Keep your home, premises clean
- Avoid chances of any fecal contamination
- Avoid drinking untreated water in public places, specially hospitals and parks
- Avoid swimming in muddy water
- Avoid food cooked in water with possible contamination
- Drink properly treated bottled water as much as possible