We often see, where a drunkard fell into gutters or else sleeping on a dirtiest footpaths and scrap heaps of the country, we even saw in films and often heard in the news where a drunkard beats his wife and children, or else an alcoholic puke out in the party making others irate. We also saw a few men who consume heavy alcohol and despite drives car efficiently and also people die in an accident after taking alcohol.
Why the alcohol gives us a kick? Why the hang over remains? Why alcohol is blamed? Are there any benefits from alcohol? There will be hundreds of questions in the mind of people and here are answers to some of questions in the story of alcohol.
Hi I’m called as alcohol by literates, Ethanol by chemistry graduates, Beer, Wine, Whisky, Brandy, vodka, jinn, Champagne, rum and many more names I am being called depend on the growth I’m having (%) and depend on the parents who have produced me( raw material). My mother is yeast and my father varies who donate his sperms in the form of carbohydrate stored in him He may be barley, Grape, pomegranate, etc. I have different fathers in different parts of the world and depend on the father my name changes and my appearance and my demand too.
I often being consumed by greatest creatures created by almighty, they lose their tongue, behave hallucinated, some fall in gutters drinking me, some fuck your head, some weep, some talk of philanthropy, some talk of politics and some other behave non-sense and blah ,blah.
Once after consuming alcohol the alcohol is digested by an our body due to an enzyme called as Alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH), When alcohol enters the blood stream and reach liver the liver consists of the enzyme called as ADH-I , ADH-I converts alcohol to acetaldehyde. The liver can, on average, metabolize about one standard drink (i.e. one 12 ounce bottle of beer, one 5 ounce glass of wine or 1.5 ounces of 40% alcohol) in one hour. Alcohol consumed in addition to these amounts can generally not be processed by the liver. When this happens, your blood becomes saturated, and the additional alcohol makes its way to your body tissues and blood stream, and brain where one gets a kick when it start reaching brain.
The ADH activity differs from person to person, a person can quickly breaks alcohol can have resistance to more alcohol where as other persons ADH activity may be less ,in such circumstances the kick will be more rapid.
Hangover is a condition which feels un-comfort in you and last for up to 24 hours this is the result of consuming excess alcohol , the symptoms are noticeable by victim himself such as headache, dizziness, dehydration, thirstiness, nausea( feeling of vomiting), fatigue, lack of concentration, lack of sleep etc. hangover is cause due to the excess accumulation of acetaldehyde. This activates your immune system and changes glucose metabolism and the additives and impurities present in alcohol play a vital role in hangover, and this is why you get hangover easily when you drink cheap liquor. Actually the acetaldehyde is toxic to the body than the alcohol itself and it has to be converted to acetic acid before cleared off from body and the time of extent of acetaldehyde exposure to the body decides the time of hangover and this occurs after the effects of ADH is over, and this is the reason why you get hangover only after a sleep , especially in the morning.
Most of the alcohol is metabolized by liver but when excess alcohol reaches blood stream it enters the brain and inactivates brain cell (belief is it kills brain cells in not true) Alcohol alters the activity of neuro transmitters such as Glutamate and thereby increase the level of GABA which is inhibitory neuro transmitter in the brain which inhibits all other neurotransmitters. Along with GABA alcohol compound called as Dopamine increase in brain on drinking alcohol and this compound acts as a stimulant which increases the pleasure for the alcoholic. These are the reasons for most of us have witnessed the outward signs of heavy drinking: the stumbling walk, slurred words and memory lapses. People who have been drinking have trouble with their balance, judgment and coordination. They react slowly to stimuli, which is why drinking before driving is so dangerous.
Alcohol decreases your rate of breathing and hence oxygen level becomes low resulting in the killing of many immune cells. Alcohol can produce detectable impairments in memory after only a few drinks and, as the amount of alcohol increases, so does the degree of impairment. Large quantities of alcohol, especially when consumed quickly and on an empty stomach, can produce a blackout, People who have been drinking large amounts of alcohol for long periods of time run the risk of developing serious and persistent changes in the brain. Damage may be a result of the direct effects of alcohol on the brain or may result indirectly, from a poor general health status or from severe liver disease. Up to 80 percent of alcoholics, however, have a deficiency in thiamine. Acetealdehyde produced by ADH-I is highly carcinogenic results in cancers in some persons.
Alcohol will have good effects if consumed little or very little, little alcohol consumption increase the level of HDL cholesterol which is a high density lipoprotein which scavenges LDL Cholesterol which is considered as one of the reason for cardiac arrests and like this alcohol decreases the risk of cardiac arrest. Lower risk of diabetes seen in men and women, who moderately drinks alcohol. Stressed could be released by triggering stress reduction. The positive psychological effects of drinking in moderation can be associated with the studies that show moderate drinkers tend to love longer than people who don’t drink at all or those who drink in excess.
With all these facts I’m putting an end to my story consume me less, enjoy yourself and be healthy.